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The work of the architect João de Castilho, the Sacristy was built between 1517 and 1520. It is a spacious room in which the vaulted ceiling emanates from a central Renaissance column, on which vestiges of the old sacrarium are still noticeable.
A wooden sacristy chest on Ionic pilasters similar to those of the side chapels in the Church transept, lines three of the Sacristy's walls, and is still used today to store liturgical vestments and utensils. Considered "the best example of Portuguese furniture making of the late 16th century" (Rafael Moreira), the chest was presumably designed by Jerónimo de Ruão in the 1590s. On the chest's back wood panels, fourteen oil paintings depict episodes from the life of St. Jerome. Attributed to the Mannerist painter Simão Rodrigues, they date from around 1600 to 1610.
The ornamentation in the Sacristy also includes 17th century Indian-Portuguese cabinet and a number of paintings, almost all of them from the 16th and early 17th centuries. Of these one can highlight six Passion of Christ paintings attributed to António Carneiro, which probably served to cover niches in the cloister, and a representation of Our Lady of Nazaré, which, tradition has it, is the work of Josefa de Óbidos.